You might be wondering: Which are the best foods for diabetic patients?
A diet for people with diabetes will include starch, protein, and healthy fats. The key here is to combine the right foods to keep blood sugar levels stable.
Following a diet for diabetes doesn’t mean you have to abstain from everything you like. You still have a lot of choices, and even some foods can support fighting against diabetes.
A good diabetic diet plan will be beneficial to the health
Therefore, in this article, we want to introduce options which diabetics can use for daily meals. But, first, we will identify the risks if diabetic people do not follow a healthy diet.
Table of Contents
Does Food Harm Diabetics’ Health?
Food is one of the significant factors that directly affect blood sugar.
Postprandial hyperglycemia causes hyperlipidemia, which increases the risk of atherosclerosis and produces oxidative stress, contributing to large and small vascular complications.
Furthermore, it also increases the risk of death in people with diabetes. So, you have to know how each type of food will affect your blood sugar levels before following a diet.
What Can Diabetic Patients Eat?
The basic principle of diet for diabetics is to limit glucose to avoid hyperglycemia after eating and limiting saturated fatty acids to prevent metabolic disorders.
We need to build a diverse diet for those with relatively stable sugar levels. Besides, this diet also requires a reasonable amount of food in the main course and snacks.
Diabetic people should pay attention to their diets
Fortunately, doctors have already divided food into different types with different levels of glucose. Based on this classification, diabetic patients can easily choose daily food for themselves.
Less Than 5% Glucose
Patients can use daily this kind of food, which includes meats, fish, tofu (moderate amount), most fresh green vegetables and some typical sweet fruits such as melon, watermelon, or grape.
Diabetics should limit this food type, eating them 2-3 them a week in moderate amounts.
Particularly, patients can eat some relatively sweet fruits such as tangerines, apples, sapodilla, mango, and all kinds of beans. Soya milk is also a good drink for diabetes.
More Than 20% Glucose
With this level, patients need to abstain from or limit them to the maximum because the blood sugar levels will increase rapidly.
Foods that contain high levels of glucose include cakes, jam, candy, soft drinks and dried fruits (dried jackfruit, lychee, or longan).
What Foods Can People With Diabetes Eat Freely?
People with diabetes often need to limit eating a lot of foods, so what are the safe foods for them?
Patients with diabetes should not consume many kinds of food
Here are some suggestions:
Patients need to eat a lot of low-sugar fruits such as guava, apple, grape, dragon fruit.
Fresh fruit provides energy, and fructose, which does not increase blood sugar. At the same time, they also offer fiber, water, and micronutrients.
Fresh And Less Processed Vegetables
Fresh vegetables are especially useful for diabetics, especially green leafy vegetables.
Less processed vegetables mainly provide energy, vitamins, and fiber. They are healthy for diabetic patients because they contain very little sugar, protein, and fat.
In particular, vegetables have antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory properties.
People with diabetes need to eat nuts such as almonds, walnuts, and cashews to supplement fat and protein. These seeds have to be dried, not marinated, or processed.
When eating, it is necessary to soak the water to soften seeds. This step will wake up enzymes and nutrients. Patients should divide the nuts evenly for main and auxiliary meals.
Beans such as green beans, red beans, black beans, kidney beans, white beans can provide protein and powdered sugar. Green beans can be soaked overnight to sprout; then the patient can use immediately.
For other types of beans, you should soak for 1-2 hours (fresh beans), soak for 9-10 hours (dry beans) then steam up to eat during the main meal.
What Foods Help Lower Blood Sugar Quickly?
Eating two tablespoons of peanut butter will lower blood sugar in the blood to about 40 mg.
However, you should remember not to eat it with cookies or bread because it will increase blood sugar quickly.
Green tea has a positive effect on your blood sugar as many studies have found that drinking it reduces sugar content by 30mg.
Sprinkle a few teaspoons of cinnamon into yogurt or occasionally sip cinnamon sticks.
Drinking a glass of red wine can help too. However, it must be red wine, not white wine or other alcoholic drinks.
People with diabetes can take two tablespoons of vinegar before a meal or mix vinegar with other vegetables to reduce the sudden increase in blood glucose.
You should drink two large glasses of water immediately, and after 3 minutes drink a third glass of water to make you urinate, this is a quick way to lower blood sugar.
When your blood glucose level is high, eating some almonds will help reduce blood sugar quickly.
What Can Type 2 Diabetics Eat?
Nutrition for people with type 2 diabetes should be 50% non-starchy vegetables. The remaining 50% will include other healthy foods like whole grains, lean meat, nuts, beans, or skimmed and low-fat dairy products.
Additionally, a small amount of fresh fruit, as well as healthy fats, are also necessary for type 2 diabetes.
Patients should minimize the amount of sugar and starch in their diets, including soda, hard candy, prepackaged or processed foods such as corn tortillas, chips.
Artificial sweeteners in these foods do not immediately increase blood sugar, but they still have a gradual effect on blood sugar.
Last But Not Least
A well-balanced diet every day is an essential condition to control blood sugar, which can prevent and reverse the complications.
You can have many ideas for your diet based on the best foods for a diabetic patient that we have summarized above.
If you find this article useful, please share it with your family and friends!